List of people legally executed in Norfolk Island

  • Peter McLean – 14 December 1800 – Irish convict and political prisoner, hanged without trial for conspiracy to mutiny
  • John Houlahan – 14 December 1800 – Irish convict and political prisoner, hanged without trial for conspiracy to mutiny
  • John McDonald – 13 April 1832 – Hanged for the attempted murder of fellow-convict Thomas Smith
  • Thomas Reilly – 23 September 1833 – Hanged for the murder of fellow-convict Edward Doolan
  • Matthew Connor – 23 September 1833 – Hanged for the attempted murder of constable Patrick Sullivan
  • James Reynolds – 23 September 1833 – Hanged for the attempted murder of constable Patrick Sullivan
  • Robert Douglas – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Henry Drummond – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • James Bell – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Joseph Butler – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Robert Glennie – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Walter Burke – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Joseph Snell – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • William McCulloch – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Michael Andrews – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • William Groves – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Thomas Freshwater – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Henry Knowles – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • Robert Ryan – 23 September 1834 – Hanged for mutiny
  • James Burrows – 26 December 1835 – Hanged for the murder of fellow-convict John Dursley
  • George Thompson – 26 December 1835 – Hanged for the attempted murder of fellow-convict John Fell at Longridge
  • William Westwood (Jackey Jackey) [GR1] – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for mutiny and the murder of convict constables John Morris, John Dinon, Thomas Saxton and police runner Stephen Smith, on 1 July 1846, known as the “Cooking Pot Uprising[GR2] 
  • John Davis – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • Samuel Kenyon – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • Dennis Pendergast – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • Owen Commuskey – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • Henry Whiting – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • William Pearson – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • James Cairnes – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • William Pickthorne – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • Lawrence Kavenagh – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • William Scrimshaw – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • Edward McGuinness – 13 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • William Brown – 19 October 1846 – Hanged for his involvement in the Cooking-Pot Uprising
  • John Liddall – 3 November 1846 – Hanged for murder of Henry Clarke
  • Bernard Macartney – 3 November 1846 – Hanged for murder of Henry Clarke

 [GR1]William Westwood (7 August 1820 – 13 October 1846), also known as Jackey Jackey, was an English-born convict who became a bushranger in Australia.

Born in Essex, Westwood had already served one year in prison for highway robbery before his transportation at age 16 to the penal colony of New South Wales on a conviction of stealing a coat. He arrived in 1837 and was sent to Phillip Parker King‘s station near Bungendore as an assigned servant, but grew to resent working there due to mistreatment from the property’s overseer. In 1840, after receiving 50 lashes for attempting to escape, Westwood took up bushranging. The following year, troopers captured Westwood at Berrima, where he was convicted of armed robbery and horse stealing and sentenced to life imprisonment at Darlinghurst Gaol. Westwood escaped again and continued bushranging until his re-capture in July 1841. Sent to Cockatoo Island, he led a failed mass escape, and was transported for life in 1842 to Port ArthurVan Diemen’s Land.

Westwood tried to escape from Port Arthur two times and received 100 lashes for each attempt. He successfully escaped in 1843 by swimming the channel; two other convicts who accompanied him were eaten by sharks. His new bushranging career ended that November when he was captured and sentenced to twelve months hard labour and solitary confinement. The following year, William Champ, Port Arthur’s new commandant, promoted Westwood to his boat crew, and approved his removal to Glenorchy on probation after the convict rescued two drowning men. Within several months, he returned to bushranging, and after his capture in September 1845 outside Hobart, was transported for life to Norfolk Island. There, in response to commandant Joseph Childs‘ confiscation of the prisoners’ cooking utensils, Westwood led the 1846 Cooking Pot Uprising, during which he murdered three constables and an overseer. He was captured and executed along with eleven other convicts.

In the days before his execution, Westwood wrote an autobiography at the suggestion of Thomas Rogers, a religious instructor, who later had it published in The Australasian. Westwood also wrote a letter to a prison chaplain who had once befriended him, detailing the severe treatment of Norfolk Island prisoners by the authorities, and decrying the brutality of the convict system as a whole. It was published widely in the press and cited by activists campaigning for the end of penal transportation to Australia.

 [GR2]The Cooking Pot Uprising or Cooking Pot Riot, was an uprising of convicts led by William Westwood in the penal colony of Norfolk Island, Australia. It occurred on 1 July 1846 in response to the confiscation of convicts’ cooking vessels under the orders of the Commandant of the penal settlement, Major Joseph Childs.

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